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Pick the Right Size and Style
A general rule of thumb: Your dog must be able to stand up, turn around and lie down nose to tail unrestricted. If you have a puppy, it’s important that they not have too much space. Typical crate dimensions for a small or medium dog are 36" x 24", while a crate that’s 48" x 30" can accommodate larger pups. One more thing to consider—if your dog is a chewer, make sure their muzzle can’t fit into the spaces between the crate’s wires and bars.
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Quick tip: Crating can help dogs feel secure during thunderstorms or fireworks.
Introduce a Crate Correctly
Keep the door open and persuade your dog to enter by tossing in toys. If they refuse to go inside, don’t push them in. Instead, place an article of yours, like a blanket or T-shirt, in the crate to coax them to enter. “If your dog is food motivated, try doing regular feedings in the crate,” says James Tysseling, COO of Canine Retreat by American Kennel Club. Once the dog is inside, close the door and leave the room. It’s important to ignore any vocal complaining and return only when they are quiet. Practicing for 20 to 30 minutes a day is sufficient. Praising your dog afterward, verbally and with treats, is crucial.
Watch Their Time
Although most dogs are natural den dwellers, they don’t need to be in a closed crate all day long. “On average, up to five hours in a crate is reasonable,” says Nicole Goudey-Rigger, owner of Pets a Go Go. Puppies under six months of age should not be in a closed crate for more than three or four hours at a time, so consider this if you need to leave them alone at home. Once they are acclimated, the length of stay depends on their bladder and bowel control. However, when introduced correctly, overnight crating can provide a safe haven for pups when their pet parent is not actively supervising them.
Don’t Crate as Punishment
If your dog happens to ruin your favorite pair of heels, do not force them into a crate to teach them a lesson. This will ultimately make your dog afraid to enter again. If your adopted pet had the unfortunate history of being mistreated or punished by using a crate, start with an entire room as the boundary and eventually narrow down the space with an exercise pen, then a crate.
PICKS FOR YOUR DOG
Petmate Navigator Pet Kennel
Available in an extra-extra small, this is a great choice for tiny pups. petco.com, from $40
MidWest Life Stages Single Door Folding Dog Crate
A removable divider makes it the right size for your small dog from puppyhood to adulthood. petsmart.com, from $82
Merry Products Crate End Table
This crate with wooden panels doubles as a table to blend in with your other furniture. chewy.com, from $138